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Hyperparathyroidism occurs when one or more of the parathyroid glands are too active resulting in increased blood calcium levels. This usually happens when the gland becomes enlarged which, most often, is caused by a benign growth called an adenoma. Increased blood calcium levels can lead to hypercalcemia, causing other problems throughout the body. Treatment involves surgery to remove any enlarged parathyroid glands in order to restore the level of calcium in the blood to a normal level.
Common symptoms of hyperparathyroidism include:
- Muscle weakness
- Poor memory
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain in the stomach area (abdomen)
- Hard stools (constipation)
- Stomach ulcers
- Increased frequent urination
- Kidney stones
- Joint or bone pain
- Bone disease (osteopenia or osteoporosis)