Interference with the natural drainage of mucus may lead to sinusitis. Symptoms of sinus problems include nasal congestion, fullness in ears, green, yellow or bloody drainage from the nose, trouble tasting food, frequent headaches, facial pain and cough.

Reasons for Blocked Sinuses

  • Colds and Other Infections – a cold may cause your sinus and nasal linings to swell causing sinus openings to become blocked and mucus to back up. This becomes the perfect place for bacteria to grow.
  • Allergic Reactions – sensitivity to some substances can cause the release of histamine which makes your sinus and nasal linings swell, clogging your sinuses and preventing cilia from sweeping away mucus.
  • Polyps – a sac of swollen tissue that may block the middle meatus where most of your sinuses drain.
  • Deviated Septum – a crooked partition in your nose, this may also block the middle meatus.

Acute & Chronic Sinusitis

  • Acute – often associated with a viral or bacterial upper respiratory infection that spreads to the sinuses. Common symptoms include facial pain, headache, fever, postnasal drip, nasal congestion and redness of skin over sinus. Acute sinusitis is usually treated with antihistamines and decongestants to reduce inflammation and decrease fluid production. The bacterial infection can be treated with antibiotic medication.
  • Chronic – is when a sinus problem keeps coming back or won’t go away. This is often caused by long-standing allergies, obstructions or exposure to irritants. Symptoms include facial pain and pressure, headache and sinus pain, nasal congestion, postnasal drip, reduced smell and taste, cough, sore throat. Chronic sinusitis can be treated with medications to relieve congestion and reduce fluid secretion, irrigation to clear out old mucus and antibiotics to treat any bacterial infections.

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