Hypothyroidism is a result of the thyroid gland producing an insufficient amount of hormone. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common form of hypothyroidism (decreasing thyroid function) in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid glands.

Since thyroid glands rely on iodine to produce the necessary hormones, hypothyroidism may occur if you have an iodine deficiency. Hypothyroidism can also occur due to pituitary gland problems or if the thyroid gland has been removed. Treatment for hypothyroidism involves taking thyroid hormone pills to replace the hormones your thyroid doesn’t make. This is a daily dosage and may be adjusted over time.

Common symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Low energy, fatigue, depression
  • Feeling cold
  • Muscle pain
  • Slowed thinking
  • Constipation
  • Longer, heavier menstrual periods
  • Weight gain
  • Dry and brittle skin, hair, nails

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