Thyroid disorders can be fairly easy to diagnose. Your doctor can identify thyroid disorders by evaluating your medical history, conducting a physical exam and ordering blood tests. Based on these results, further testing may be necessary or you may be referred to an endocrinologist or surgeon. Make sure to give your doctor as much information as possible about your medical history and symptoms you’ve noticed. During the physical exam, your doctor will check your thyroid glands for changes in size or shape by feeling your neck. There are several blood tests that may be ordered including a TSH test (to see how much TSH is being produced by your pituitary gland) and a T4 test (to see how much thyroid hormone is in the blood).

Additional diagnostic tests that may be ordered based on the results of your exam and blood test includes: thyroid antibody tests, ultrasound, radioactive iodine uptake test, thyroid scan or a fine needle aspiration (FNA) if you have a nodule.

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