Mold reproduces by sending tiny spores into the air. If these spores are breathed in, they can cause a nasal allergic reaction. Mold tends to grow in bathrooms, basements, in the soil of houseplants, old books, old magazines, aquariums, damp shoes, rugs in bathrooms, garbage pails and window sills. To control mold growth, drain wet areas of your yard and clean up leaves and weeds before they begin to rot; clean the bathroom regularly with bleach; fix leaky faucets or roof leaks; leave window open or fan on while showering to let moisture escape; encase pillows and mattresses and use dehumidifiers if your house is damp.
Pets such as cats, dogs, birds, horses and rabbits are common causes of nasal allergies. Flakes of skin (dander), saliva left on fur when an animal cleans itself, urine in litter boxes and cages and feathers on birds can all cause nasal allergies. Control pet allergies by keeping your pet outdoors or out of your bedroom, use an air-cleaner with a HEPA filter, washing your hands after you touch your pet, bathing your pet weekly with a dander controlling shampoo to cut down on the allergens they produce.
Food allergies are very common. A food allergy is an abnormal response to food that is triggered by a specific reaction in the immune system and expressed by certain symptoms. Many people think that they have a food allergy which in all actuality they only have a food intolerance. Food intolerance is far more prevalent, occurs in a variety of diseases, and is triggered by several different mechanisms that are distinct from the immunological reaction responsible for food allergy. There are 8 common foods that account for 90% of food allergic reactions. These foods include eggs, peanuts, milk, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, wheat, and soy.
These bugs are too small to see but they can live in mattresses, blankets, stuffed toys, carpets and curtains. The droppings of these mites are a common cause of indoor nasal allergies. To control dust mite allergens, choose non-fabric upholstery like leather or vinyl, replace horizontal blinds with vertical blinds, have as little carpet as possible, wash your sheets, blankets and mattress pads in hot water every 1-2 weeks, removed dust-collectors (such as stuffed animals, knick knacks and wall-hangings) from the bedroom and vacuum and dust your home every week.
Some people have high sensitivities to insect venom. It is an acquired trait. This trait is not present at the first exposure to the venom, but can occur during subsequent exposures. Insects are usually classified as having three main body segments, six legs and a pair of sensory antennae. Winged insect species have two sets of wings, such as bees, wasps, and mosquitoes. Other insects include fleas, lice and ants. Some allergic reactions to the venom of insects can be life threatening.
Latex allergy is an allergic reaction to substances in natural latex. Rubber gloves are the main source of allergic reactions, although latex is also used in other products such as medical devices. The cause of the allergy is unknown. About 10% of healthcare workers have some sort of latex allergy.
Plants reproduce by moving tiny grains of pollen from plant to plant. Some pollen is carried by bees and some is blown by the wind. The wind-blown pollen is what causes nasal allergies. The amount of pollen in the air varies from season to season. Help control your exposure to pollen by checking the pollen counts daily and avoid spending time outdoors when counts are high; change your clothes after spending time outside and wash your hair before bed; stay indoors on windy days.
Dr Bradley J Chastant, Dr Jeffrey J Joseph, Dr Jennifer Daigle Hanby, Dr Jason J Durel, and Dr Ryan Chastant are board-certified otolaryngologists specializing in the treatment of issues of the ear, nose and throat. In addition, both Drs Chastant and Joseph are board-certified facial plastic surgeons with many years of experience.